Water, Sodium C14-C16 Olefin Sulfonate, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Lactobacillus/Kelp Ferment Filtrate, Propanediol, Acrylates Crosspolymer-4, PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Gluconolactone (and) Sodium Benzoate, Salicylic Acid, Zinc PCA, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water, Disodium EDTA, Potassium Hydroxide.
Acne is a “perfect storm” in which abundant sebum production and imperfect shedding of dead cells lead to the formation of a “plug” that makes the closed pore a great feeding ground for a bacterium that doesn’t like oxygen, Propionibacterium acnes. Inflammation follows. Cysts can develop when the contents of the sick follicle (keratinocytes, sebum, and bacteria) spills into the surrounding dermis, producing a superficial pustule, or a deeper papule or nodule.
The problem with most acne products is that they only address one or two of the causes of acne, and then you need something drastic like benzoyl peroxide or antibiotics to keep it under control. While an antibiotic used at the right time on the right affliction can be a lifesaver, long-term use of antibiotics is not advisable. The same is true for benzoyl peroxide, which will also cause undesirable long-term changes in the skin.
With our acne products we are trying to address all the causes of acne simultaneously. Using this strategy, acne can be kept under control using lower concentrations of milder actives, and stress to the skin is kept to a minimum. The actives have different mechanisms of action, so benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, steroids, and alcohol can be avoided.