Use a transfer pipet to measure smaller volumes: 5 mL for 8 fl oz, 2.5 mL for 4 fl oz, 1.25 mL for 2 fl oz. These amounts are just guidelines, using more or less is a personal preference.
This serum can also be used directly on the skin or as a serum base for water soluble actives. Apply a thin layer of serum to the affected area as needed to help revitalize skin.
Water, Hydrolyzed Collagen, Sodium Hyaluronate, Phenoxyethanol (and) Caprylyl Glycol (and) Sorbic Acid.
Hyaluronic Acid (a.k.a. hyaluronan, sodium hyaluronate) is a polysaccharide, made by animals and some bacteria, with long chains made of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine alternating with glucuronic acid. In our skin, it stabilizes the intercellular (in-between cells) space in the dermis, and contributes significantly to cell proliferation, migration, and skin repair, activities essential to skin health. Because of its tremendous capacity to hold water, adding this active to your creams, lotions, gels, or serums will help keep skin moist. Also, hyaluronidase in the skin will break this active down and the sugars released will be used to make new hyaluronic acid in our dermis.*
(*See reference tab for scientific resources)
Eleni Papakonstantinou, Michael Roth, and George Karakiulakis. Dermatoendocrinol. 2012 Jul 1; 4(3): 253–258