Add a small quantity of the powder to a base cream, such as our Canvas Base Cream, and mix well. Add more powder and mix as desired, but stop when the cream is a color that you are happy with. Add the powder slowly because the active is strongly colored.
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract.
Grape seed extract is a great source of proanthocyanidins. Proanthocyanidins are flavonoids that protect capillary walls and inhibit the enzymes that break down collagen (collagenase), hyaluronic acid (hyaluronidase), and elastin (elastase). They are also anti-inflammatory, antihistaminic, antiallergenic, and act as major free radical scavengers.*
(*See reference tab for scientific resources)
Blazsó, G. Gábor, M. "Oedema-inhibiting effect of procyanidin." Acta Physiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, Tomus (1980). 56(2) pp. 235-240.
Bouhamidi R, Prevost V, Nouvelot A. (1988) High protection by grape seed proanthocyanidins (GSPC) of polyunsaturated fatty acids against UV-C induced peroxidation. C R Acad Sci III, 321(1):31-8.
Fitzpatrick DF, Bing B, Rohdewald P. (1998) Endothelium-dependent vascular effects of Pycnogenol. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol., 32(4):509-15.
Garbacki, N.; Kinet, M.; Nusgens, B.; Desmecht, D.; Damas, J.(2005) Proanthocyanidins from Ribes nigrum leaves, reduce endothelial adhesion molecules ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Journal of Inflammation (London, United Kingdom) 2:9
Packer L, Rimbach G, Virgili F. (1999) Antioxidant activity and biologic properties of a procyanidin-rich extract from pine (Pinus maritima) bark, pycnogenol. Free Radic Biol Med., 27(5-6):704-24.