Apply a thin layer of serum to clean skin once or twice daily to promote and support the synthesis of collagen and provide antioxidant benefits.
NOTE: Due to the green tea in this product it will turn brown over time. This does not indicate the product is going bad or have an effect on the product's activity, it is just a color change. Storing the serum in the fridge can slow down this color change.
Water, Seakelp (Lactobacillus/Kelp Ferment Filtrate) Bioferment, Glycerin, Sodium PCA, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Hydrolyzed Collagen, Sodium Hyaluronate, Boswellia Serrata Extract, Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) Extract, Carnosine, N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine, Niacinamide, Betulinic Acid, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Epigallocatechin Gallate, Glutathione, sh-Polypeptide-2, sh-Oligopeptide-1, Citric Acid, Phenoxyethanol (and) Caprylyl Glycol (and) Sorbic Acid.
Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate- This stable form of vitamin C is necessary to promote the synthesis of collagen.*
L-carnosine- Helps prevent cross-linking of collagen, one of the causes of wrinkles and loss of elasticity brought about by aging and exposure to sunlight.*
Hydrolyzed collagen- These peptides are obtained by the hydrolysis of fish collagen. They help supply your skin with amino acids that can be used in collagen synthesis. This is one of the few animal derived actives we have because plants don’t make collagen. That is why “phyto collagen” (a marketing invention) does not exist.*
Boswellia serrata- promotes collagen synthesis and is also an inhibitor of elastase (protease) and hyaluronidase (breaks down hyaluronic acid), a real life preserver for the dermal matrix.*
Betulinic acid- Helps to stimulates collagen synthesis and actively inhibits the enzyme elastase to prevent/correct the loss of elastic fibers responsible for skin suppleness.*
Hyaluronic acid- Made of long chains of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine alternating with glucuronic acid, it can stabilize the intercellular space in connective tissue.*
Niacinamide (vitamin B3)- Can decrease melanin synthesis (important for hyperpigmentation), inflammation, itching (pruritus), UV-induced skin cancers, and prevents immunosuppression by UV irradiation. By increasing NADPH, the donor of reducing power in cell biosynthesis, it will increase synthesis of collagen, involucrin, filaggrin, and keratin.*
Epidermal growth factor (EGF)- Can increase protein synthesis. Excellent anti-aging active.*
Sodium PCA- This derivative of glutamic acid is very hygroscopic. It is naturally produced by our bodies, and one of the components of "natural moisturizing factor", which our skin produces to slow down water loss to the environment.*
Sea Kelp Coral- Contains fucoidans which are polysaccharides that can increase collagen synthesis. Fucoxanthin, a pigment unique to brown algae, can protect skin from UV caused aging.*
Seiji, Makota; Yoshida, Toshio; Itakura, Hideko; Irimajiri, Toshikatsu. (1969) Inhibition of melanin formation by sulfhydryl compounds. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 52: 280-6.
Kohn, Robert R. (1955) Glutathione inhibition of melanin synthesis in vitro. Enzymologia, 17: 193-8.
Atrux-Tallau, Nicolas; Romagny, Celine; Padois, Karine; Denis, Alain, Haftek, Marek, Falson, Francoise, Pirot, Fabrice, Maibach, Howard I (2010) Effects of glycerol on human skin damaged by acute sodium lauryl sulphate treatment. Archives Dermatological Res. 30: 435-441